Thema Datum  Von Nutzer Rating
Antwort
Rot SQL Server Memory Information
23.05.2024 08:30:10 SQL Repo
NotSolved

Ansicht des Beitrags:
Von:
SQL Repo
Datum:
23.05.2024 08:30:10
Views:
56
Rating: Antwort:
  Ja
Thema:
SQL Server Memory Information


SET NOCOUNT ON;
SET TRANSACTION ISOLATION LEVEL READ UNCOMMITTED;
SET LOCK_TIMEOUT 10000;

DECLARE @ServiceName nvarchar(100);
SET @ServiceName =
                  CASE
                    WHEN @@SERVICENAME = 'MSSQLSERVER' THEN 'SQLServer:'
                    ELSE 'MSSQL$' + @@SERVICENAME + ':'
                  END;

DECLARE @Perf TABLE (
  object_name nvarchar(20),
  counter_name nvarchar(128),
  instance_name nvarchar(128),
  cntr_value bigint,
  formatted_value numeric(20, 2),
  shortname nvarchar(20)
);
INSERT INTO @Perf (object_name, counter_name, instance_name, cntr_value, formatted_value, shortname)
  SELECT
    CASE
      WHEN CHARINDEX('Memory Manager', object_name) > 0 THEN 'Memory Manager'
      WHEN CHARINDEX('Buffer Manager', object_name) > 0 THEN 'Buffer Manager'
      WHEN CHARINDEX('Plan Cache', object_name) > 0 THEN 'Plan Cache'
      WHEN CHARINDEX('Buffer Node', object_name) > 0 THEN 'Buffer Node' -- 2008
      WHEN CHARINDEX('Memory Node', object_name) > 0 THEN 'Memory Node' -- 2012
      WHEN CHARINDEX('Cursor', object_name) > 0 THEN 'Cursor'
      ELSE NULL
    END AS object_name,
    CAST(RTRIM(counter_name) AS nvarchar(100)) AS counter_name,
    RTRIM(instance_name) AS instance_name,
    cntr_value,
    CAST(NULL AS decimal(20, 2)) AS formatted_value,
    SUBSTRING(counter_name, 1, PATINDEX('% %', counter_name)) shortname
  FROM sys.dm_os_performance_counters
  WHERE (object_name LIKE @ServiceName + 'Buffer Node%'     -- LIKE is faster than =. I have no idea why
  OR object_name LIKE @ServiceName + 'Buffer Manager%'
  OR object_name LIKE @ServiceName + 'Memory Node%'
  OR object_name LIKE @ServiceName + 'Plan Cache%')
  AND (counter_name LIKE '%pages %'
  OR counter_name LIKE '%Node Memory (KB)%'
  OR counter_name = 'Page life expectancy'
  )
  OR (object_name = @ServiceName + 'Memory Manager'
  AND counter_name IN ('Granted Workspace Memory (KB)', 'Maximum Workspace Memory (KB)',
  'Memory Grants Outstanding', 'Memory Grants Pending',
  'Target Server Memory (KB)', 'Total Server Memory (KB)',
  'Connection Memory (KB)', 'Lock Memory (KB)',
  'Optimizer Memory (KB)', 'SQL Cache Memory (KB)',
  -- for 2012
  'Free Memory (KB)', 'Reserved Server Memory (KB)',
  'Database Cache Memory (KB)', 'Stolen Server Memory (KB)')
  )
  OR (object_name LIKE @ServiceName + 'Cursor Manager by Type%'
  AND counter_name = 'Cursor memory usage'
  AND instance_name = '_Total'
  );

-- Add unit to 'Cursor memory usage'
UPDATE @Perf
SET counter_name = counter_name + ' (KB)'
WHERE counter_name = 'Cursor memory usage';

-- Convert values from pages and KB to MB and rename counters accordingly
UPDATE @Perf
SET counter_name = REPLACE(REPLACE(REPLACE(counter_name, ' pages', ''), ' (KB)', ''), ' (MB)', ''),
    formatted_value =
                     CASE
                       WHEN counter_name LIKE '%pages' THEN cntr_value / 128.
                       WHEN counter_name LIKE '%(KB)' THEN cntr_value / 1024.
                       ELSE cntr_value
                     END;

-- Delete some pre 2012 counters for 2012 in order to remove duplicates
DELETE P2008
  FROM @Perf P2008
  INNER JOIN @Perf P2012
    ON REPLACE(P2008.object_name, 'Buffer', 'Memory') = P2012.object_name
    AND P2008.shortname = P2012.shortname
WHERE P2008.object_name IN ('Buffer Manager', 'Buffer Node');

-- Update counter/object names so they look like in 2012
UPDATE PC
SET object_name = REPLACE(object_name, 'Buffer', 'Memory'),
    counter_name = ISNULL(M.NewName, counter_name)
FROM @Perf PC
LEFT JOIN (SELECT
  'Free' AS OldName,
  'Free Memory' AS NewName
UNION ALL
SELECT
  'Database',
  'Database Cache Memory'
UNION ALL
SELECT
  'Stolen',
  'Stolen Server Memory'
UNION ALL
SELECT
  'Reserved',
  'Reserved Server Memory'
UNION ALL
SELECT
  'Foreign',
  'Foreign Node Memory') M
  ON M.OldName = PC.counter_name
  AND NewName NOT IN (SELECT
    counter_name
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Memory Manager')
WHERE object_name IN ('Buffer Manager', 'Buffer Node');


-- Build Memory Tree
DECLARE @MemTree TABLE (
  Id int,
  ParentId int,
  counter_name nvarchar(128),
  formatted_value numeric(20, 2),
  shortname nvarchar(20)
);

-- Level 5
INSERT @MemTree (Id, ParentId, counter_name, formatted_value, shortname)
  SELECT
    Id = 1226,
    ParentId = 1225,
    instance_name AS counter_name,
    formatted_value,
    shortname
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Plan Cache'
  AND counter_name IN ('Cache')
  AND instance_name <> '_Total';

-- Level 4
INSERT @MemTree (Id, ParentId, counter_name, formatted_value, shortname)
  SELECT
    Id = 1225,
    ParentId = 1220,
    'Plan ' + counter_name AS counter_name,
    formatted_value,
    shortname
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Plan Cache'
  AND counter_name IN ('Cache')
  AND instance_name = '_Total'

  UNION ALL

  SELECT
    Id = 1222,
    ParentId = 1220,
    counter_name,
    formatted_value,
    shortname
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Cursor'
  OR (object_name = 'Memory Manager'
  AND shortname IN ('Connection', 'Lock', 'Optimizer', 'SQL'))

  UNION ALL

  SELECT
    Id = 1112,
    ParentId = 1110,
    counter_name,
    formatted_value,
    shortname
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Memory Manager'
  AND shortname IN ('Reserved')
  UNION ALL
  SELECT
    Id = P.ParentID + 1,
    ParentID = P.ParentID,
    'Used Workspace Memory' AS counter_name,
    SUM(used_memory_kb) / 1024. AS formatted_value,
    NULL AS shortname
  FROM sys.dm_exec_query_resource_semaphores
  CROSS JOIN (SELECT
    1220 AS ParentID
  UNION ALL
  SELECT
    1110) P
  GROUP BY P.ParentID;

-- Level 3
INSERT @MemTree (Id, ParentId, counter_name, formatted_value, shortname)
  SELECT
    Id =
        CASE counter_name
          WHEN 'Granted Workspace Memory' THEN 1110
          WHEN 'Stolen Server Memory' THEN 1220
          ELSE 1210
        END,
    ParentId =
              CASE counter_name
                WHEN 'Granted Workspace Memory' THEN 1100
                ELSE 1200
              END,
    counter_name,
    formatted_value,
    shortname
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Memory Manager'
  AND counter_name IN ('Stolen Server Memory', 'Database Cache Memory', 'Free Memory', 'Granted Workspace Memory');

-- Level 2
INSERT @MemTree (Id, ParentId, counter_name, formatted_value, shortname)
  SELECT
    Id =
        CASE
          WHEN counter_name = 'Maximum Workspace Memory' THEN 1100
          ELSE 1200
        END,
    ParentId = 1000,
    counter_name,
    formatted_value,
    shortname
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Memory Manager'
  AND counter_name IN ('Total Server Memory', 'Maximum Workspace Memory');

-- Level 1
INSERT @MemTree (Id, ParentId, counter_name, formatted_value, shortname)
  SELECT
    Id = 1000,
    ParentId = NULL,
    counter_name,
    formatted_value,
    shortname
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Memory Manager'
  AND counter_name IN ('Target Server Memory');

-- Level 4 -- 'Other Stolen Server Memory' = 'Stolen Server Memory' - SUM(Children of 'Stolen Server Memory')
INSERT @MemTree (Id, ParentId, counter_name, formatted_value, shortname)
  SELECT
    Id = 1222,
    ParentId = 1220,
    counter_name = '<Other Memory Clerks>',
    formatted_value = (SELECT
      SSM.formatted_value
    FROM @MemTree SSM
    WHERE Id = 1220)
    - SUM(formatted_value),
    shortname = 'Other Stolen'
  FROM @MemTree
  WHERE ParentId = 1220;

-- Results:

-- PLE and Memory Grants
SELECT
  [Counter Name] = P.counter_name + ISNULL(' (Node: ' + NULLIF(P.instance_name, '') + ')', ''),
  cntr_value AS Value,
  RecommendedMinimum =
                      CASE
                        WHEN P.counter_name = 'Page life expectancy' AND
                          R.Value <= 300 -- no less than 300
                        THEN 300
                        WHEN P.counter_name = 'Page life expectancy' AND
                          R.Value > 300 THEN R.Value
                        ELSE NULL
                      END
FROM @Perf P
LEFT JOIN -- Recommended PLE calculations
(SELECT
  object_name,
  counter_name,
  instance_name,
  CEILING(formatted_value / 4096. * 5) * 60 AS Value -- 300 per every 4GB of Buffer Pool memory or around 60 seconds (1 minute) per every 819MB
FROM @Perf PD
WHERE counter_name = 'Database Cache Memory') R
  ON R.object_name = P.object_name
  AND R.instance_name = P.instance_name
WHERE (P.object_name = 'Memory Manager'
AND P.counter_name IN ('Memory Grants Outstanding', 'Memory Grants Pending', 'Page life expectancy')
)
OR -- For NUMA
(
P.object_name = 'Memory Node'
AND P.counter_name = 'Page life expectancy'
AND (SELECT
  COUNT(DISTINCT instance_name)
FROM @Perf
WHERE object_name = 'Memory Node')
> 1
)
ORDER BY P.counter_name DESC, P.instance_name;

-- Get physical memory
-- You can also extract this information from sys.dm_os_sys_info but the column names have changed starting from 2012
IF OBJECT_ID('tempdb..#msver') IS NOT NULL
  DROP TABLE #msver
CREATE TABLE #msver (
  ID int,
  Name sysname,
  Internal_Value int,
  Value nvarchar(512)
);
INSERT #msver EXEC master.dbo.xp_msver 'PhysicalMemory';

-- Physical memory, config parameters and Target memory
SELECT
  min_server_mb = (SELECT
    CAST(value_in_use AS decimal(20, 2))
  FROM sys.configurations
  WHERE name = 'min server memory (MB)'),
  max_server_mb = (SELECT
    CAST(value_in_use AS decimal(20, 2))
  FROM sys.configurations
  WHERE name = 'max server memory (MB)'),
  target_mb = (SELECT
    formatted_value
  FROM @Perf
  WHERE object_name = 'Memory Manager'
  AND counter_name IN ('Target Server Memory')),
  physical_mb = CAST(Internal_Value AS decimal(20, 2))
FROM #msver;

-- Memory tree
;
WITH CTE
AS (SELECT
  0 AS lvl,
  counter_name,
  formatted_value,
  Id,
  NULL AS ParentId,
  shortname,
  formatted_value AS TargetServerMemory,
  CAST(NULL AS decimal(20, 4)) AS Perc,
  CAST(NULL AS decimal(20, 4)) AS PercOfTarget
FROM @MemTree
WHERE ParentId IS NULL
UNION ALL
SELECT
  CTE.lvl + 1,
  CAST(REPLICATE(' ', 6 * (CTE.lvl)) + NCHAR(124) + REPLICATE(NCHAR(183), 3) + MT.counter_name AS nvarchar(128)),
  MT.formatted_value,
  MT.Id,
  MT.ParentId,
  MT.shortname,
  CTE.TargetServerMemory,
  CAST(ISNULL(1.0 * MT.formatted_value / NULLIF(CTE.formatted_value, 0), 0) AS decimal(20, 4)) AS Perc,
  CAST(ISNULL(1.0 * MT.formatted_value / NULLIF(CTE.TargetServerMemory, 0), 0) AS decimal(20, 4)) AS PercOfTarget
FROM @MemTree MT
INNER JOIN CTE
  ON MT.ParentId = CTE.Id)
SELECT
  counter_name AS [Counter Name],
  CASE
    WHEN formatted_value > 0 THEN formatted_value
    ELSE NULL
  END AS [Memory MB],
  Perc AS [% of Parent],
  CASE
    WHEN lvl >= 2 THEN PercOfTarget
    ELSE NULL
  END AS [% of Target]
FROM CTE
ORDER BY ISNULL(Id, 10000), formatted_value DESC;

Source: SQL Server Memory Information


Ihre Antwort
  • Bitte beschreiben Sie Ihr Problem möglichst ausführlich. (Wichtige Info z.B.: Office Version, Betriebssystem, Wo genau kommen Sie nicht weiter)
  • Bitte helfen Sie ebenfalls wenn Ihnen geholfen werden konnte und markieren Sie Ihre Anfrage als erledigt (Klick auf Häckchen)
  • Bei Crossposting, entsprechende Links auf andere Forenbeiträge beifügen / nachtragen
  • Codeschnipsel am besten über den Code-Button im Text-Editor einfügen
  • Die Angabe der Emailadresse ist freiwillig und wird nur verwendet, um Sie bei Antworten auf Ihren Beitrag zu benachrichtigen
Thema: Name: Email:

 
 

  • Bitte beschreiben Sie Ihr Problem möglichst ausführlich. (Wichtige Info z.B.: Office Version, Betriebssystem, Wo genau kommen Sie nicht weiter)
  • Bitte helfen Sie ebenfalls wenn Ihnen geholfen werden konnte und markieren Sie Ihre Anfrage als erledigt (Klick auf Häckchen)
  • Bei Crossposting, entsprechende Links auf andere Forenbeiträge beifügen / nachtragen
  • Codeschnipsel am besten über den Code-Button im Text-Editor einfügen
  • Die Angabe der Emailadresse ist freiwillig und wird nur verwendet, um Sie bei Antworten auf Ihren Beitrag zu benachrichtigen

Thema Datum  Von Nutzer Rating
Antwort
Rot SQL Server Memory Information
23.05.2024 08:30:10 SQL Repo
NotSolved